为了降低校园枪击,你是否支持美国教师持枪?

美国近年来校园枪击数量呈上升趋势,政府或学校都为学生普及了很多校园枪击的应对措施。在美国阿肯色州(Arkansas),学校里面被授权的持枪教师人数越来越多,你对此怎么看?

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The number of teachers carrying guns in and around schools in the American state of Arkansas is growing.

在美国阿肯色州,在学校内外持枪的教师人数与日俱增。

One of those teachers is Dale Cresswell. He works in the Heber Springs School District, just north of Little Rock, the state’s capital. Cresswell keeps his gun with him at all times: in his classroom, at sporting events and whenever he is at school.

戴尔·克雷斯韦尔(Dale Cresswell)是持枪教师之一。他在阿州首府小石城北部的赫伯斯普林斯学区工作。克雷斯韦尔一直随身带枪:教室内或是体育比赛中,无论何时出现在学校里。

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He told VOA, “I see it as…I’m protecting more than one person. I’m protecting all the other students.”

他告诉美国之音:“我认为……我保护的不止一个人。我在保护所有其他学生。”

Cresswell and other teachers and school officials all had criminal history investigations and psychological tests before being permitted to carry a gun at school. Each received about 60 hours of gun training. All teachers must also go through extra training three times a year.

克雷斯韦尔和其他教师以及学校职员在获准持枪进入学校前,都接受了犯罪史调查和心理测试。每个人都接受了大约60小时的枪械训练。所有教师还必须每年接受3次额外培训。

Teachers Weapons

Cresswell said his students tell him they do not even notice his gun anymore.

克雷斯韦尔说,他的学生甚至都不再留意他的枪了。

There does not appear to be a law that prevents teachers from carrying guns in Arkansas. But before 2012, it was rare to see teachers in Arkansas schools with them. Then, in December 2012, a 20-year-old gunman killed 20 children and six adults at Sandy Hook Elementary School in the state of Connecticut.

在阿肯色州,似乎没有法律禁止教师携带枪支。但在2012年之前,在阿肯色州的学校里很少能看到持枪教师。2012年12月,一名20岁的枪手在康涅狄格州桑迪胡克小学杀害了20名儿童和6名成年人。

Protecting schools from future shootings has become increasingly important for school officials and lawmakers. After the school shooting early this year in Parkland, Florida, Arkansas Governor Asa Hutchinson asked a committee to study how to prevent future school shootings.

对学校官员和立法者来说,保护学校不受未来枪击事件的影响已经变得越来越重要。今年年初,佛罗里达州帕克兰发生校园枪击案后,阿肯色州州长阿萨·哈钦森要求某委员会研究如何防止未来校园发生的枪击案。

The committee’s report was released earlier this month. It said that individual schools need to make decisions for themselves. But it suggested that “no [school] should ever be without an armed presence when staff and children are attending class or a major extracurricular activity.”

该委员会的报告于本月初发布。报告指出,各个学校需要自主决定。但该委员会建议,“在教职员工和孩子上课或参加重大课外活动时,任何学校都不应该没有武装人员在场。”

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A study published by Vice News in March found that at least 14 of the 50 American states arm teachers with guns. Another 16 permit local school officials to decide on the issue.

Vice新闻3月发表的一项研究发现,美国50个州中至少有14个州给为教师配备了枪支。另有16个州允许当地学校自主决定此事。

But not everyone agrees that arming teachers helps reduce or prevent gun violence.

但并不是所有人都同意,教师配枪有助于减少或防止枪支暴力事件。

Cathy Koehler is president of the Arkansas Education Association. She said, “I think that most thoughtful individuals know that if a person sets out to do harm to themselves or someone else, they’re not [going to] stop and think ‘Oh, there might be someone armed.'”

凯茜·克勒(Cathy Koehler)是阿肯色州教育协会主席。她说:“我认为,大多数心思缜密的人都知道,如果有人意图伤害自己或他人,他们不会停下思索‘哦,或许那里有人携带武器’。”

Koehler did not say that teachers should not be armed, however. She noted that it can take as long as 20 minutes for police to respond to a situation in some rural areas.

然而,克勒并没有说教师不应该携带武器。她指出,在一些农村地区,警方可能需要20分钟来做出反应。

Koehler added, “Our preference is always going to be that the investment is made in the mental health services that are so desperately needed and are underfunded.”

克勒补充说,“我们一直倾向于把资金投入到急需且资金不足的心理健康服务上。”

But most school officials agree that even with all the added security measures, a motivated shooter will find a way to do harm.

但大多数学校官员认为,即使增加了所有的安全措施,有犯罪动机的枪手还是会找到伤害他人的方法。

 

本文出自微信公众号:MeiSunNY

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